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Magdalen Medical Practice Magdalen Medical Practice  01603 475555
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Immunisations in the first four years

If a vaccine is given when a baby still has antibodies to the disease, the antibodies can stop the vaccine working. This is why routine childhood immunisations do not start until a baby is two months old, before the antibodies a baby gets from its mother have stopped working. This is also why it is important for parents to stick to the immunisation schedule, as a delay can leave a baby unprotected. A delay can increase the chance of adverse reactions to some vaccines, such as pertussis (whooping cough).

Recent changes to the immunisation schedule (2006)

Routine pneumococcal vaccine is being introduced as part of a series of changes to the childhood immunisation programme announced by the Chief Medical Officer, Sir Liam Donaldson. In addition to this the current three doses of MenC vaccine will be respaced at three and four months of age with a booster at 12 months. Also a booster dose of Hib vaccine will be given at 12 months. 

When to immunise  What is given?  How is it given? 
2 months  Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and HiB (DTaP/IPV/HiB) plus pneumococcal vaccine  Two injections 
3 months  Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and HiB (DTaP/IPV/HiB) plus MenC vaccine  Two injections 
4 months  Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and HiB (DTaP/IPV/HiB) plus MenC vaccine plus pneumococcal vaccine  Three injections 
12 months  Hib and MenC  Two injections 
13 months  Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and pneumococcal vaccine  Two injections 
3 years and 4 months to 5 years old  Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and polio (dTaP/IPV or DTaP/IPV)  One injection 
  Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)  One injection 
13 to 18 years old  Diphtheria, tetanus, polio (Td/IPV)  One injection 

Further reading

There are some excellent websites that will answer all your questions and queries about immunisation and vaccination. If you are worried about giving the MMR vaccine, you should access the MMR site.

www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk: This website has been put together to answer any questions you might have about MMR. You can look for information and resources in the MMR library, ask an expert panel a question, and read up on the latest news stories relating to MMR.

www.immunisation.nhs.uk: The most comprehensive, up-to-date and accurate source of information on vaccines, disease and immunisation in the UK.

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